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The differential effects of aligned electrospun PHBHHx fibers on adipogenic and osteogenic potential of MSCs through the regulation of PPARγ signaling

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7614 558 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
The differential effects of aligned electrospun PHBHHx fibers on adipogenic and osteogenic potential of MSCs through the regulation of PPARγ signaling
Abstract

Cell-substrate interaction was functionally essential for phenotypic maintenance and multipotency remodeling of stem cells. For bone tissue engineering, electrospinning techniques are useful to create fibrous scaffolds mimicking natural mineralized collagen fibrous structure in bone. In this study, influence of electrospun fiber alignment on MSCs differentiation potential was investigated on PHBHHx electrospun meshes. Compared with randomly-oriented ones, the aligned fiber orientation increased elastic modulus and tension stress of the PHBHHx meshes. Most of the attached MSCs elongated along the aligned fibers. From the transcriptome microarray results, there were a total of 67 differentially expressed genes between aligned and random groups, and most of them were involved in cell adhesion and actin cytoskeleton regulation. In addition, PPAR signaling pathway was reduced on the aligned fibers, which might contribute to the impaired adipogenesis and enhanced osteogenesis. It was further confirmed by RT-PCR and western blotting. The PPARγ downregulation on the aligned fibers was related to phosphorylated activation of ERK, with no effect on total ERK expression. However, the induction of osteogenic by PHBHHx fiber alignment was relatively less significant that it could only support initial adipo-osteogenic switch and would be partially covered up by osteogenic or adipogenic inductive chemicals.

Keywords
Mesenchymal stem cells; Electrospun fibers; Polyhydroxyalkanoates; Osteogenic differentiation; PPARγ
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The differential effects of aligned electrospun PHBHHx fibers on adipogenic and osteogenic potential of MSCs through the regulation of PPARγ signaling
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 2, January 2012, Pages 485–493
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us