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Biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
767 63 2012 15 PDF Available
Title
Biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates
Abstract

Biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic (polyphasic) calcium orthophosphates have been sought as biomaterials for reconstruction of bone defects in maxillofacial, dental and orthopedic applications. In general, this concept is determined by advantageous balances of more stable (frequently hydroxyapatite) and more resorbable (typically tricalcium orthophosphates) phases of calcium orthophosphates, while the optimum ratios depend on the particular applications. Therefore, all currently known biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic formulations of calcium orthophosphate bioceramics are sparingly soluble in water and, thus, after being implanted they are gradually resorbed inside the body, releasing calcium and orthophosphate ions into the biological medium and, hence, seeding new bone formation. The available formulations have already demonstrated proven biocompatibility, osteoconductivity, safety and predictability in vitro, in vivo, as well as in clinical models. More recently, in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that some of them might possess osteoinductive properties. Hence, in the field of tissue engineering biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates represent promising biomaterials to construct various scaffolds capable of carrying and/or modulating the behavior of cells. Furthermore, such scaffolds are also suitable for drug delivery applications. This review summarizes the available information on biphasic, triphasic and multiphasic calcium orthophosphates, including their biomedical applications. New formulations are also proposed.

Keywords
Calcium orthophosphates; Hydroxyapatite; Phase; Biphasic; Triphasic
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 3, March 2012, Pages 963–977
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us