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Neural lineage differentiation of embryonic stem cells within alginate microbeads

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7681 560 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Neural lineage differentiation of embryonic stem cells within alginate microbeads
Abstract

Cell replacement therapies, using renewable stem cell sources, hold tremendous potential to treat a wide range of degenerative diseases. Although many studies have established techniques to successfully differentiate stem cells into different mature cell lineages using growth factors or extracellular matrix protein supplementation in both two and three-dimensional configurations, they are often limited by lack of control and low yields of differentiated cells. Previously, we developed a scalable murine embryonic stem cell differentiation environment which maintained cell viability and supported ES cell differentiation to hepatocyte lineage cells. Differentiated hepatocyte function was contingent upon aggregate formation within the alginate microbeads. The present studies were designed to determine the feasibility of adapting the alginate encapsulation technique to neural lineage differentiation. The results of our studies indicate that by incorporating the soluble inducer, retinoic acid (RA), into the permeable microcapsule system, cell aggregation was decreased and neural lineage differentiation enhanced. In addition, we demonstrated that even in the absence of RA, differentiation could be directed away from the hepatocyte and toward the neural lineage by physical cell–cell aggregation blocking. In conjunction with the mechanical and physical characterization of the alginate crosslinking network, we determined that 2.2% alginate microencapsulation can be optimally adapted to ES neural differentiation. This study offers insights into targeting cellular differentiation toward both endodermal and ectodermal cell lineages, and could potentially be adaptable to differentiation of other stem cell types given the correct inducible factors and material properties.

Keywords
Alginate; Encapsulation; Embryonic stem cells; Microbead
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Neural lineage differentiation of embryonic stem cells within alginate microbeads
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 20, July 2011, Pages 4489–4497
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us