fulltext.study @t Gmail

Excess polycation mediates efficient chitosan-based gene transfer by promoting lysosomal release of the polyplexes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7697 560 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Excess polycation mediates efficient chitosan-based gene transfer by promoting lysosomal release of the polyplexes
Abstract

The optimal ratio of the polycation’s amine to DNA phosphate group (N:P) for efficient polymer-based transfection always employs excess polycation versus DNA. Most of the excess polycation remains free in solution, unassociated with the polyplexes, but is essential for efficient transfection. The mechanism by which excess polycation increases transfection efficiency is not identified. We hypothesised that excess chitosan facilitates intracellular lysosomal escape of the polyplexes. We highlight here the essential role of excess chitosan by rescuing poorly transfecting low N:P ratio polyplexes, by adding free chitosan before or after polyplex addition to cells. We examined polyplex uptake, the kinetics of rescue, intracellular trafficking, and the effects of lysosomotropic agents. We found the facilitating role of excess chitosan to be downstream of cellular uptake. Live-cell confocal quantification of intracellular trafficking revealed prolonged colocalisation of low N:P polyplexes within lysosomes, compared to shorter residence times for both rescued or N:P 5 samples, followed by observation of free pDNA in the cytosol. These data demonstrate that excess polycation mediates enhanced transfection efficiency by promoting the release of polyplexes from the endo-lysosomal vesicles, revealing a critical intracellular barrier overcome by excess polycation and suggesting possible avenues for further optimisation of polymer-based gene delivery.

Keywords
Chitosan; Gene transfer; DNA; Nanoparticle; Confocal microscopy
First Page Preview
Excess polycation mediates efficient chitosan-based gene transfer by promoting lysosomal release of the polyplexes
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 20, July 2011, Pages 4639–4646
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us