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Silk fibroin derived polypeptide-induced biomineralization of collagen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7758 563 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Silk fibroin derived polypeptide-induced biomineralization of collagen
Abstract

Silk fibroin (SF) is extensively investigated in osteoregenerative therapy as it combines extraordinary mechanical properties and directs calcium-phosphate formation. However, the role of the peptidic fractions in inducing the protein mineralization has not been previously decoded. In this study, we investigated the mineralization of fibroin-derived polypeptides (FDPs), which were obtained through the chymotryptic separation of the hydrophobic crystalline (Cp) fractions and of the hydrophilic electronegative amorphous (Cs) fractions. When immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF), only Cs fragments demonstrated the formation of carbonated apatite, providing experimental evidence that the mineralization of SF is dictated exclusively by its electronegative amino-acidic sequences. The potential of Cs to conceptually mimic the role of anionic non-collagenous proteins in biomineralization processes was investigated via their incorporation (up to 10% by weight) in bulk osteoid-like dense collagen (DC) gels. Within 6 h in SBF, apatite was formed in DC-Cs hybrid gels, and by day 7, carbonated hydroxylapatite crystals were extensively formed. This accelerated 3-D mineralization resulted in a nine-fold increase in the compressive modulus of the hydrogel. The tailoring of the mineralization and mechanical properties of hydrogels through hybridization with FDPs could potentially have a significant impact on cell delivery and bone regenerative medicine.

Keywords
Collagen; Silk fibroin; Mineralization; Plastic compression; Hydroxyapatite; Tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 33, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 102–108
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us