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The impact of compositional topography of amniotic membrane scaffold on tissue morphogenesis of salivary gland

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7818 565 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
The impact of compositional topography of amniotic membrane scaffold on tissue morphogenesis of salivary gland
Abstract

Amniotic membrane (AM) has been widely used in the reconstruction of oral epithelial defects. However, whether it is also effective in facilitating tissue formation of salivary gland, an appendix of oral epithelia, has never been explored. To investigate the effects and the underlying mechanism of AM on salivary gland morphogenesis, murine fetal submandibular gland (SMG) explants were cultured on different preparations of AM scaffolds. It was found that, on AM stromal scaffold, SMG demonstrated well-developed branching morphogenesis. Nonetheless, on AM epithelial scaffold, SMG epithelial cell converted to a spindle-shape, lost intercellular connection, changed cytoskeletal organization, and exhibited scattering behaviors. Meanwhile, the integrity of SMG basement membrane was dismantled as well. However, when acellular AM epithelial scaffold was used, cultured SMG demonstrated organized morphology, indicating that AM epithelial component provided specific surface features for SMG morphogenesis. To further investigate AM scaffold morphogenetic effect, it was found hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), an epithelial scattering factor, was expressed abundantly in cultivated AM epithelia. After blocking HGF function of AM, cultured SMG regained branching activity, reorganized cell adhesion and subcellular organization, and reproduced basement membranes. Therefore, AM-derived bioactive factor profoundly influences cell behaviors and structure formation of SMG. Together, this study showed that compositional topography of AM scaffold is important in affecting SMG morphogenesis. By understanding the effects of AM scaffold on SMG morphogenesis, it provides important information for rationally designing and fabricating AM scaffold for salivary gland regeneration.

Keywords
Salivary gland; Amniotic membrane; Morphogenesis; Branching
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The impact of compositional topography of amniotic membrane scaffold on tissue morphogenesis of salivary gland
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 19, July 2011, Pages 4424–4432
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us