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Perfluorodecalin-enriched fibrin matrix for human islet culture

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7881 568 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Perfluorodecalin-enriched fibrin matrix for human islet culture
Abstract

Disruption of microenvironment and decrease in oxygen supply during isolation and culture lead to pancreatic islet injury and their poor survival after transplantation. This study aimed to create a matrix for culturing islets, using fibrin as scaffold and perfluorodecalin as oxygen diffusion enhancing medium. Human pancreatic islets were divided in four groups: control, islets cultured in fibrin, islets in fibrin containing non-emulsified perfluorodecalin, and finally islets in fibrin supplemented with emulsified perfluorodecalin. After an overnight culture, cell damage (viability, proinsulin and insulin unregulated release, apoptosis (caspase-3 activation), secretory function, and presence of hypoxia markers (HIF-1a and VEGF expression) were assessed. Islets cultured in a matrix, had similar islet viability to controls (no matrix) but decreased levels of active caspase-3 and unregulated hormone release, but high level of hypoxia markers expression. Although the supplementation of fibrin with non-emulsified perfluorodecalin improves secretory response, there was no decrease in hypoxia markers expression. In contrast, emulsified perfluorodecalin added to the matrix improved islet function, islet viability and maintained level of hypoxia markers similar to control. Fibrin matrix supplemented with emulsified perfluorodecalin can provide a beneficial physical and chemical environment for improved pancreatic human islet function and viability in vitro.

Keywords
Cell culture; Diabetes; Fibrin; Fluorocarbon; Islet; Scaffold; Transplantation
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Perfluorodecalin-enriched fibrin matrix for human islet culture
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 35, December 2011, Pages 9282–9289
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us