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Low-temperature degradation of different zirconia ceramics for dental applications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
791 63 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Low-temperature degradation of different zirconia ceramics for dental applications
Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to determine the influence of simulated ageing on the tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation and on the flexural strength of a 3Y-TZP ceramic, compared to alumina toughened zirconia (ATZ) and ceria-stabilized zirconia (12Ce-TZP). Standardized disc specimens of each material were hydrothermally aged in steam at 134 °C and 3 bar for 0, 16, 32, 64 or 128 h. The phase transformation was determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and atomic force microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy was performed to estimate the depth of the transformation zone. The flexural strength was investigated in a biaxial flexural test. XRD revealed a significant increase in the monoclinic phase content for 3Y-TZP and ATZ due to ageing, although this increase was less pronounced for ATZ. In contrast, the monoclinic phase content of 12Ce-TZP was not influenced. For 3Y-TZP and ATZ, a transformation zone was found of which the depth linearly correlated with ageing time, while for 12Ce-TZP no transformation zone could be observed. Changes in flexural strength after ageing were heterogeneous: while 3Y-TZP showed a significant decrease in strength – from 1740 to 1169 MPa – with ATZ there was a considerable increase – from 1093 to 1378 MPa. The flexural strength of 12Ce-TZP remained unaffected at the low level of about 500 MPa. These results indicate that both alumina and ceria, as stabilizing oxides, reduce the susceptibility of zirconia to hydrothermal degradation; the alternative use of these oxides may enhance the clinical long-term stability of dental zirconia restorations.

Keywords
Zirconia; Alumina; Ceria; Hydrothermal ageing; XRD
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Low-temperature degradation of different zirconia ceramics for dental applications
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 3, March 2012, Pages 1213–1220
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us