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Suppression of Runx2 protein degradation by fibrous engineered matrix

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7917 569 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Suppression of Runx2 protein degradation by fibrous engineered matrix
Abstract

The fibre structure of engineered matrix that mimic the morphology of type I collagen has exhibited good biological performance for bone regeneration. However, the mechanism by which synthetic fibres promote osteoblast differentiation has yet to be determined. In this study, we demonstrate that fibre structure of an engineered matrix suppresses the degradation of Runx2, a master transcription factor that can turn on to osteoblast differentiation. MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts grown on a fibrous collagen matrix sustained a higher level of Runx2 protein than those on tissue culture dishes or on a collagenase-treated, non-fibrous collagen matrix. The ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Runx2 was profoundly decreased in cells grown on the fibrous collagen matrix. The forced expression of Smurf1, an ubiquitin ligase responsible for Runx2 degradation, abrogated the collagen fibre-induced increase of Runx2. We also prepared a polystyrene fibre matrix, and confirmed that the fibre matrix stabilised the Runx2 protein in MC3T3-E1. Furthermore, we genetically modified C2C12 myoblasts with Runx2, cultured the cells on polystyrene fibre matrix, and observed that the fibre matrix stabilised and sustained exogenous Runx2, which led to the promotion of osteoblast differentiation. Our findings in this study provide evidence that the fibre structure of an engineered matrix contributes to osteoblast differentiation by stabilising the Runx2 protein.

Keywords
Bone tissue engineering; Surface topology; Fibrous structure; Collagen structure; Runx2; Protein degradation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 25, September 2011, Pages 5826–5836
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us