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Role of fibronectin in topographical guidance of neurite extension on electrospun fibers

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
7981 572 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Role of fibronectin in topographical guidance of neurite extension on electrospun fibers
Abstract

Bridging of long peripheral nerve gaps remains a significant clinical challenge. Electrospun nanofibers have been used to direct and enhance neurite extension in vitro and in vivo. While it is well established that oriented fibers influence neurite outgrowth and Schwann cell migration, the mechanisms by which they influence these cells are still unclear. In this study, thin films consisting of aligned poly-acrylonitrile methylacrylate (PAN-MA) fibers or solvent casted smooth, PAN-MA films were fabricated to investigate the potential role of differential protein adsorption on topography-dependent neural cell responses. Aligned nanofiber films promoted enhanced adsorption of fibronectin compared to smooth films. Studies employing function-blocking antibodies against cell adhesion motifs suggest that fibronectin plays an important role in modulating Schwann cell migration and neurite outgrowth from dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cultures. Atomic Force Microscopy demonstrated that aligned PAN-MA fibers influenced fibronectin distribution, and promoted aligned fibronectin network formation compared to smooth PAN-MA films. In the presence of topographical cues, Schwann cell-generated fibronectin matrix was also organized in a topographically sensitive manner. Together these results suggest that fibronectin adsorption mediated the ability of topographical cues to influence Schwann cell migration and neurite outgrowth. These insights are significant to the development of rational approaches to scaffold designs to bridge long peripheral nerve gaps.

Keywords
Neural tissue engineering; Fibronectin; Schwann cell migration; Protein distribution; Electrospun nanofibers; Peripheral nerve regeneration
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Role of fibronectin in topographical guidance of neurite extension on electrospun fibers
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 16, June 2011, Pages 3958–3968
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us