fulltext.study @t Gmail

Regulation of stem cell signaling by nanoparticle-mediated intracellular protein delivery

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8028 574 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Regulation of stem cell signaling by nanoparticle-mediated intracellular protein delivery
Abstract

Intracellular delivery of specific proteins and peptides may be used to influence signaling pathways and manipulate cell function, including stem cell fate. Herein, we describe the delivery of proteins attached to hydrophobically modified 15-nm silica nanoparticles to manipulate specifically targeted cell signaling proteins. We designed a chimeric protein, GFP–FRATtide, wherein GFP acts as a biomarker for fluorescence detection, and FRATtide binds to and blocks the active site of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) – a protein kinase involved in Wnt signaling. The SiNP-chimeric protein conjugates were efficiently delivered to the cytosol of human embryonic kidney cells and rat neural stem cells, presumably via endocytosis. This uptake impacted the Wnt signaling cascade, resulting in an elevation of β-catenin levels due to GSK-3β inhibition. Accumulation of β-catenin led to increased transcription of Wnt target genes, such as c-MYC, which instruct the cell to actively proliferate and remain in an undifferentiated state. The results presented here suggest that functional proteins can be delivered intracellularly in vitro using nanoparticles and used to target key signaling proteins and regulate cell signaling pathways. This ability is critical for the design of in vitro screens for gain/loss of pathway function, and may also prove to be useful for in vivo delivery applications.

Keywords
Protein delivery; Nanoparticle–protein conjugates; Wnt signaling; β-Catenin; GSK-3β; FRATtide
First Page Preview
Regulation of stem cell signaling by nanoparticle-mediated intracellular protein delivery
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 12, April 2011, Pages 3210–3219
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us