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The use of mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes modified with a dequalinium polyethylene glycol-distearoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine conjugate to induce apoptosis in resistant lung cancer cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8081 576 2011 15 PDF Available
Title
The use of mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes modified with a dequalinium polyethylene glycol-distearoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine conjugate to induce apoptosis in resistant lung cancer cells
Abstract

Intrinsic multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancers remains a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy. A dequalinium polyethylene glycol-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DQA-PEG2000-DSPE) conjugate was synthesized as a mitochondriotropic molecule, and mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes were developed by modifying DQA-PEG2000-DSPE on the surface of liposomes for overcoming the resistance. Evaluations were performed on the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and resistant A549/cDDP cells, A549 and A549/cDDP tumor spheroids as well as the xenografted resistant A549/cDDP cancers in nude mice. The yield of DQA-PEG2000-DSPE conjugate synthesized was about 87% and the particle size of mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes was approximately 70 nm. The mitochondrial targeting liposomes significantly enhanced the cellular uptake, and selectively accumulated into mitochondria when encapsulating coumarin as the fluorescent probe. Furthermore, mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes induced apoptosis of both non-resistant and resistant cancer cells by dissipating mitochondria membrane potential, releasing cytochrome c and increasing the activities of caspase 9 and 3. They also exhibited significant antitumor efficacy in two kinds of cancer cells, in tumor spheroids by penetrating deeply into the core, and in xenografted resistant A549/cDDP cancers in nude mice. Mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes co-treating with vinorelbine liposomes significantly enhanced the anticancer efficacy against the resistant A549/cDDP cells. In conclusion, mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes would provide a potential strategy to treat the intrinsic resistant lung cancers by inducing apoptosis via mitochondria signaling pathway.

Keywords
DQA-PEG2000-DSPE conjugate; Mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes; Mitochondria signaling pathway; Intrinsic multidrug resistance; Lung cancer
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The use of mitochondrial targeting resveratrol liposomes modified with a dequalinium polyethylene glycol-distearoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine conjugate to induce apoptosis in resistant lung cancer cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 24, August 2011, Pages 5673–5687
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us