fulltext.study @t Gmail

The healing of critical-sized femoral segmental bone defects in rabbits using baculovirus-engineered mesenchymal stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8126 578 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
The healing of critical-sized femoral segmental bone defects in rabbits using baculovirus-engineered mesenchymal stem cells
Abstract

Management of massive segmental bone defects remains a challenging clinical problem and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) hold promise for bone regeneration. To explore whether BMSCs engineered by baculovirus (an emerging gene delivery vector) can heal large bone defects, New Zealand White (NZW) rabbit BMSCs were transduced with the BMP2-expressing baculovirus or VEGF-expressing baculovirus, and co-implanted into critical-sized (10 mm) femoral segmental defects in NZW rabbits. X-ray analysis revealed that the baculovirus-engineered BMSCs not only bridged the defects at as early as week 2, but also healed the defects in 100% of rabbits (13/13) at week 4. The osteogenic metabolism, as monitored by positron emission tomography (PET) also suggested the completion of bone healing at week 8. When compared with other control groups, the BMP2/VEGF-expressing BMSCs remarkably enhanced the segmental bone repair and mechanical properties, as evidenced by micro-computed tomography (μCT), histochemical staining and biomechanical testing. The ameliorated bone healing concurred with the augmented angiogenesis. These data demonstrated, that BMSCs engineered to express BMP2 and VEGF accelerate the repair of large femoral bone defects and improve the quality of the regenerated bone, which paves an avenue to utilizing baculovirus as a vector for BMSCs modification and regenerative medicine.

Keywords
Baculovirus; Mesenchymal stem cells; Gene therapy; Segmental bone defect; Tissue engineering
First Page Preview
The healing of critical-sized femoral segmental bone defects in rabbits using baculovirus-engineered mesenchymal stem cells
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 12, April 2010, Pages 3222–3230
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us