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PEGylation of hyaluronic acid nanoparticles improves tumor targetability in vivo

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8163 579 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
PEGylation of hyaluronic acid nanoparticles improves tumor targetability in vivo
Abstract

A major drawback of hyaluronic acid (HA)-based drug conjugates or nanoparticles for cancer therapy is their preferential accumulation in the liver after systemic administration. In an attempt to investigate the physicochemical characteristics and in vivo fates of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-conjugated HA nanoparticles (HA-NPs), amphiphilic HA derivatives were prepared by varying the degree of PEGylation. The PEGylated HA-NPs formed self-assembled nanoparticles (217–269 nm in diameter) with the negatively charged surfaces in the physiological condition. Although PEGylation of HA-NPs reduced their cellular uptake in vitro, larger amounts of nanoparticles were taken up by cancer cells over-expressing CD44, an HA receptor, than by normal fibroblast cells. The ex vivo images of the organs using an optical imaging technique after the intravenous injection of Cy5.5-labeled nanoparticles into normal mice demonstrated that PEGylation could effectively reduce the liver uptake of HA-NPs and increase their circulation time in the blood. When the nanoparticles were systemically administered into tumor-bearing mice for in vivo real-time imaging, the strongest fluorescence signals were detected at the tumor site of the mice for the whole period of time studied, indicating their high tumor targetability. Interestingly, PEGylated HA-NPs were more effectively accumulated into the tumor tissue up to 1.6-fold higher than bare HA-NPs. The high tumor targetability of PEGylated HA-NPs was further supported by the intravital tumor imaging, in which their rapid extravasation into the tumor tissue was clearly observed. These results suggest that PEGylated HA-NPs can be useful as a means for cancer therapy and diagnosis.

Keywords
Hyaluronic acid; PEGylation; Nanoparticle; Tumor targeting; Molecular imaging
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PEGylation of hyaluronic acid nanoparticles improves tumor targetability in vivo
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 7, March 2011, Pages 1880–1889
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us