An injectable calcium phosphate cement for the local delivery of paclitaxel to bone
Bone metastases are usually treated by surgical removal, fixation and chemotherapeutic treatment. Bone cement is used to fill the resection voids. The aim of this study was to develop a local drug delivery system using a calcium phosphate cement (CPC) as carrier for chemotherapeutic agents. CPC consisted of alpha-tricalcium phosphate, calcium phosphate dibasic and precipitated hydroxyapatite powders and a 2% Na2HPO4 hardening solution. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe CPC morphology. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to follow CPC transformation. The loading/release capacity of the CPC was studied by a bovine serum albumin-loading model. Release/retention was measured by high performance liquid chromatography and X-ray photoelectron spectrometry. For chemotherapeutic loading, paclitaxel (PX) was loaded onto the CPC discs by absorption. Viability of osteosarcoma U2OS and metastatic breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells was measured by an AlamarBlue assay. Results of SEM and XRD showed changes in CPC due to its transformation. The loading model indicated a high retention behavior by the CPC composition. Cell viability tests indicated a PX minimal lethal dose of 90 μg/ml. PX released from CPC remained active to influence cell viability. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that CPC is a feasible delivery vector for chemotherapeutic agents.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 23, August 2011, Pages 5411–5416