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Functional TNFα gene silencing mediated by polyethyleneimine/TNFα siRNA nanocomplexes in inflamed colon

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8251 582 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Functional TNFα gene silencing mediated by polyethyleneimine/TNFα siRNA nanocomplexes in inflamed colon
Abstract

During inflammatory bowel disease, TNFα is the major pro-inflammatory cytokine mainly secreted from macrophages and dendritic cells. Here, we have demonstrated that TNFα siRNA/polyethyleneimine loaded into polylactide at an optimal concentration of 20 g/L nanoparticles covered with polyvinyl alcohol are efficiently taken up by inflamed macrophages and inhibit TNFα secretion by the macrophages. Those nanoparticles have a diameter of ∼380 nm and zeta potential of −8 mV at pH 7.2, and are non-cytotoxic. Complexation, interactions and protection from RNAse between TNFα siRNA and polyethyleneimine were higher than those using chitosan. Importantly, complexation between TNFα siRNA and polyethyleneimine facilitated higher rates of siRNA loading into nanoparticles, compared to Chi or free siRNA mixed with Lipofectamine. Oral administration of encapsulated TNFα siRNA-loaded nanoparticles specifically reduced the TNFα expression/secretion in colonic tissue in LPS-treated mice. In conclusion, we have shown: (1) that proposed TNFα siRNA-loaded NPs are prepared via a non-denaturing synthetic process; (2) a high encapsulation rate of TNFα siRNA complexed to polyethyleneimine into NPs; (3) effective enzymatic protection of TNFα siRNA by polyethyleneimine; (4) non-cytotoxicity and biodegradability of nanoparticles loaded with polyethyleneimine/TNFα siRNA; and (5) in vitro and in vivo significant anti-inflammatory effects at low TNFα siRNA dose that is specific and restricted to the colonic cells. Our results collectively indicate that polyethyleneimine/TNFα siRNA nanocomplexes represent an efficient therapeutic option for diseases such as IBD.

Keywords
Poly (lactic acid) nanoparticle; Macrophages; Transfection; Polyethyleimine complex; Small interfering RNA; Mice colon
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Functional TNFα gene silencing mediated by polyethyleneimine/TNFα siRNA nanocomplexes in inflamed colon
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 4, February 2011, Pages 1218–1228
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us