Substantiating in vivo magnetic brain tumor targeting of cationic iron oxide nanocarriers via adsorptive surface masking
Cationic magnetic nanoparticles are attractive as potential vehicles for tumor drug delivery due to their favorable interactions with both the tumor milieu and the therapeutic cargo. However, systemic delivery of these nanoparticles to the tumor site is compromised by their rapid plasma clearance. We developed a simple method for in vivo protection of cationic nanocarriers, using non-covalent surface masking with a conjugate of low molecular weight heparin and polyethylene glycol. Surface masking resulted in a 11-fold increase in plasma AUC and a 2-fold increase in the magnetic capture of systemically injected nanoparticles in orthotopic rodent brain tumors. Overall, the described methodology could expand the prospective applications for cationic magnetic nanoparticles in magnetically mediated gene/drug delivery.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 35, December 2009, Pages 6780–6787