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The regulation of phenotype of cultured tenocytes by microgrooved surface structure

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8339 587 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
The regulation of phenotype of cultured tenocytes by microgrooved surface structure
Abstract

To maintain or enhance cell function by controlling its shape is an important consideration in scaffold design. Tenocyte is characterized by its unique elongated cell shape and the role remains unexplored. In this study, primary porcine tenocytes of newborn pigs were cultured respectively on culture dish (Group A), smooth (Group B) or microgroove silicone membrane (Group C, enforcing an elongated morphology) to observe the effect of cell shape on tenocyte phenotype. The results showed that elongated morphology (Group C) could help in vitro passaged tenocytes to retain their phenotype and function by maintaining the expression of tenomodulin (tenocyte marker) and collagen I (functional molecule). By contrast, the spread tenocytes (Groups A and B) lost or significantly reduced the expression of tenomodulin or collagen I respectively. Interestingly, the lost tenomodulin expression of Group B cells could be regained after being switched to microgroove culture condition of Group C. In addition, significantly increased RhoA-ATP level and reduced ROCK activity were found associated with elongated morphology and artificially activating RhoA or inhibiting ROCK could lead to increased tenomodulin expression in spread cells. Collectively, these results confirm that elongated morphology is essential for tenocytes to keep their phenotype and function and can redifferentiate the dedifferentiated tenocytes by the participation of RhoA/ROCK signaling, and these findings may provide insight into the design of advanced scaffold for tendon engineering.

Keywords
Tenocytes; Elongated morphology; RhoA/ROCK; Tenomodulin; Y27632; LPA
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The regulation of phenotype of cultured tenocytes by microgrooved surface structure
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 27, September 2010, Pages 6952–6958
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us