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Cartilage repair using hyaluronan hydrogel-encapsulated human embryonic stem cell-derived chondrogenic cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8341 587 2010 13 PDF Available
Title
Cartilage repair using hyaluronan hydrogel-encapsulated human embryonic stem cell-derived chondrogenic cells
Abstract

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the potential to offer a virtually unlimited source of chondrogenic cells for use in cartilage repair and regeneration. We have recently shown that expandable chondrogenic cells can be derived from hESCs under selective growth factor-responsive conditions. In this study, we explore the potential of these hESC-derived chondrogenic cells to produce an extracellular matrix (ECM)-enriched cartilaginous tissue construct when cultured in hyaluronic acid (HA)-based hydrogel, and further investigated the long-term reparative ability of the resulting hESC-derived chondrogenic cell-engineered cartilage (HCCEC) in an osteochondral defect model. We hypothesized that HCCEC can provide a functional template capable of undergoing orderly remodeling during the repair of critical-sized osteochondral defects (1.5 mm in diameter, 1 mm depth into the subchondral bone) in a rat model. In the process of repair, we observed an orderly spatial-temporal remodeling of HCCEC over 12 weeks into osteochondral tissue, with characteristic architectural features including a hyaline-like neocartilage layer with good surface regularity and complete integration with the adjacent host cartilage and a regenerated subchondral bone. By 12 weeks, the HCCEC-regenerated osteochondral tissue resembled closely that of age-matched unoperated native control, while only fibrous tissue filled in the control defects which left empty or treated with hydrogel alone. Here we demonstrate that transplanted hESC-derived chondrogenic cells maintain long-term viability with no evidence of tumorigenicity, providing a safe, highly-efficient and practical strategy of applying hESCs for cartilage tissue engineering.

Keywords
Human embryonic stem cells; Chondrogenic; Cartilage; Differentiation; Hyaluronan; Hydrogel
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Cartilage repair using hyaluronan hydrogel-encapsulated human embryonic stem cell-derived chondrogenic cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 27, September 2010, Pages 6968–6980
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us