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Customizable, multi-functional fluorocarbon nanoparticles for quantitative in vivo imaging using 19F MRI and optical imaging

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8351 587 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Customizable, multi-functional fluorocarbon nanoparticles for quantitative in vivo imaging using 19F MRI and optical imaging
Abstract

Monitoring cell trafficking in vivo noninvasively is critical to improving cellular therapeutics, drug delivery, and understanding disease progression. In vivo imaging, of which magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a key modality, is commonly used for such monitoring. 19F MRI allows extremely specific detection and quantification of cell numbers directly from in vivo image data, longitudinally and without ionizing radiation. We used fluorocarbons previously used in blood substitutes and imaging agents for ultrasound and computed tomography to synthesize monodisperse nanoparticles that are stable at 37 °C and can be frozen for storage. These large 19F labeling compounds are insoluble in aqueous environments and often emulsified, typically forming emulsions unsuitable for long-term storage. Instead, we used a non-toxic polymer already in clinical use, poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide), to encapsulate a range of 19F compounds. These nanoparticles can be customized in terms of content (imaging agent, fluorescent dye, drug), size (200–2000 nm), coating (targeting agent, antibody) and surface charge (−40 to 30 mV). We added a fluorescent dye and antibody to demonstrate the versatility of this modular imaging agent. These nanoparticles are adaptable to multimodal imaging, although here we focused on MRI and fluorescence imaging. Here, we imaged primary human dendritic cells, as used in clinical vaccines.

Keywords
MRI; 19F MRI; Quantitative cell tracking; In vivo fluorescence imaging; Multimodal imaging agents
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Customizable, multi-functional fluorocarbon nanoparticles for quantitative in vivo imaging using 19F MRI and optical imaging
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 27, September 2010, Pages 7070–7077
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us