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Node of Ranvier formation on motoneurons in vitro

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8489 592 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Node of Ranvier formation on motoneurons in vitro
Abstract

One of the most significant interactions between Schwann cells and neurons is myelin sheath formation. Myelination is a vertebrate adaptation that enables rapid conduction of action potentials without a commensurate increase in axon diameter. In vitro neuronal systems provide a unique modality to study both factors influencing myelination and diseases associated with myelination. Currently, no in vitro system for motoneuron myelination by Schwann cells has been demonstrated. This work details the myelination of motoneuron axons by Schwann cells, with complete Node of Ranvier formation, in a defined in vitro culture system. This defined system utilizes a novel serum-free medium in combination with the non-biological substrate, N-1[3 (trimethoxysilyl) propyl] diethylenetriamine (DETA). The myelinated segments and nodal proteins were visualized and quantified using confocal microscopy. This defined system provides a highly controlled, reproducible model for studying Schwann cell interactions with motoneurons as well as the myelination process and its effect on neuronal plasticity. Furthermore, an in vitro system that would allow studies of motoneuron myelination would be beneficial for understanding peripheral demyelinating neuropathies such as diabetes induced peripheral neuropathy and could lead to a better understanding of CNS demyelinating diseases like multiple sclerosis, as well as neuromuscular junction maturation and maintenance.

Keywords
Schwann cells; Nerve tissue engineering; Silane; Biomimetic material; Growth factors; Co-culture
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 21, July 2009, Pages 3567–3572
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us