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The bioactivity of rhBMP-2 immobilized poly(lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8524 596 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
The bioactivity of rhBMP-2 immobilized poly(lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds
Abstract

In this study, immobilization of rhBMP-2 on polylactone-type polymer scaffolds via plasma treatment was investigated. To introduce proper functional groups on the surface of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) matrix, PLGA films were treated under different atmospheres, such as oxygen, ammonia and carbon dioxide, respectively, and then incubated in rhBMP-2 solution of de-ionized water. The effect of various plasma-treated PLGA films on binding rhBMP-2 was investigated and compared. It was found that PLGA binding ability to rhBMP-2 was enhanced by carbon dioxide and oxygen plasma treatment, and the binding ability of the oxygen plasma-treated PLGA (OT-PLGA) to rhBMP-2 was the strongest after oxygen plasma treating for 10 min under a power of 50 W. The changes of surface chemistry and surface topography of PLGA matrix induced by oxygen plasma treatment played main roles in improving the PLGA binding ability to rhBMP-2. The stability of rhBMP-2 bound on OT-PLGA film was determined under a dynamic condition by a Parallel Plate Flow Chamber. The result showed that the rhBMP-2 had been immobilized on the OT-PLGA film. Mouse OCT-1 osteoblast-like cell as a model cell was cultured on the rhBMP-2 bound OT-PLGA (OT-PLGA/BMP) in vitro, which showed that the bound rhBMP-2 via oxygen plasma treatment was bioactive. Depending on hydrophilicity and rich polar O-containing groups of the OT-PLGA scaffold, different amount of rhBMP-2 could be evenly immobilized on the surface of the OT-PLGA scaffold. The immobilized rhBMP-2 had stimulated differentiation of OCT-1 cell and accelerated process of mineralization of OCT-1 cell in the scaffold. It revealed the rhBMP-2 immobilized PLGA scaffold had good cell affinity.

Keywords
rhBMP-2; Oxygen plasma treatment; Anchorage; Immobilization; PLGA scaffold; Tissue engineering
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The bioactivity of rhBMP-2 immobilized poly(lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 18, June 2009, Pages 3150–3157
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us