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A combinatorial screening of human fibroblast responses on micro-structured surfaces

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8537 597 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
A combinatorial screening of human fibroblast responses on micro-structured surfaces
Abstract

Biomaterial surfaces structured with topographical features have been predicted to play an important role in the next generation of biomedical implants. Specific trends with regard to the influence of the topographical effect on cellular behavior are however challenging to establish due to differences in the topographical features and geometries in the various studies. Here, we demonstrate the use of a highly versatile combinatorial screening approach to identify the effect of 169 distinct surface topographies, consisting of pillars, on fibroblast proliferation and mechanical response. Altering the inter-pillar gap size of the structures revealed a significant change in fibroblast proliferation and identified obvious stress-induced changes in the cytoskeleton and focal adhesion morphology. Larger (4–6 μm) inter-pillar gap sizes reduced fibroblast proliferation and elicited a strong elongation leading to a disruption of the actin cytoskeleton anchored primarily to focal adhesions located between the pillars. Smaller (1–2 μm) inter-pillar gap sizes, on the contrary, caused the fibroblasts to proliferate comparable to cells on a non-structured surface with cells having a clear actin cytoskeleton attached to focal adhesions located mostly on top of the pillars. The approach reveals a strong correlation between the exact topographical periodicities and cellular responses such as cell proliferation, cell morphology and focal adhesion.

Keywords
Fibroblast; Cell proliferation; Surface topography; Microstructure; Combinatorial screening
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A combinatorial screening of human fibroblast responses on micro-structured surfaces
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 35, December 2010, Pages 9182–9191
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us