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The relationship between collagen scaffold cross-linking agents and neutrophils in the foreign body reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8538 597 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
The relationship between collagen scaffold cross-linking agents and neutrophils in the foreign body reaction
Abstract

In order to get more insight into the role of neutrophils on the micro-environment and consequently on macrophages in the foreign body reaction in mice, we investigated the fate of the two differently cross-linked dermal sheep collagen disks (glutaraldehyde = GDSC, hexamethylenediisocyanate = HDSC) in mice implanted in one anatomical location, namely subcutaneously. In GDSC massive infiltration of neutrophils is seen at day 2 and day 21, whereas in HDSC only minor infiltration is seen at day 2. The presence of neutrophils coincided with high levels of IFN-γ, a cytokine that activates macrophages. Major differences were seen in degradation rate of the two disks: GDSC was almost completely degraded after 28 days, whereas HDSC remained intact. Degradation of GDSC occurred through collagenolytic activity and phagocytosis by macrophages. Phagocytosis was observed at day 2 and day 21. IL-13 was only observed in HDSC, and this resulted in the presence of giant cells in HDSC. These giant cells produced IL-10, that promoted TIMP-1 expression and that inhibits collagenolytic and phagocytic activity. We conclude that the function of macrophages in mice is largely influenced by differences in micro-environment induced by GDSC and HDSC and that the presence/absence of neutrophils play a major role in the shaping of this micro-environment.

Keywords
Matrix metalloproteinase; Foreign body reaction; Giant cell formation; Phagocytosis; Interferon-gamma; Neutrophils
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 35, December 2010, Pages 9192–9201
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us