fulltext.study @t Gmail

Long-term in vitro human pancreatic islet culture using three-dimensional microfabricated scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8592 599 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Long-term in vitro human pancreatic islet culture using three-dimensional microfabricated scaffolds
Abstract

Human pancreatic islet in vitro culture is very challenging and requires the presence of various extra cellular matrix (ECM) components in a three-dimensional environment, which provides mechanical and biological support. The development of such an environment is vital in providing favourable conditions to preserve human islets in long-term culture. In this study, we investigated the effects of human islet culture within various three-dimensional environments; collagen I gel, collagen I gel supplemented with ECM components fibronectin and collagen IV, and microfabricated scaffold with ECM-supplemented gel. The cultured human islets were analyzed for functionality, gene expression and hormone content following long-term in vitro culture. It was clear the incorporation of ECM components within the three-dimensional support improved prolonged culture. However, long-term and highly uniform human islet culture within a microfabricated scaffold, with controlled pore structures, coupled with the presence of ECM components, displayed an insulin release profile similar to freshly isolated islets, yielding a stimulation index of ∼1.8. Moreover, gene expression was markedly increased for all pancreatic genes, giving a ∼50-fold elevation of insulin gene expression with respect to suspension culture. The distribution and presence of pancreatic hormones was also highly elevated. These findings provide a platform for the long-term maintenance and preservation of human pancreatic islets in vitro.

Keywords
ECM(extracellular matrix); Microfabricated biodegradable scaffold; Long-term culture of human islets; Islet functionality
First Page Preview
Long-term in vitro human pancreatic islet culture using three-dimensional microfabricated scaffolds
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 6, February 2011, Pages 1536–1542
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us