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Hexon-specific PEGylated adenovirus vectors utilizing avidin-biotin interaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8611 599 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Hexon-specific PEGylated adenovirus vectors utilizing avidin-biotin interaction
Abstract

PEGylation of recombinant adenovirus (Ad) vectors is a promising approach for not only evasion from neutralizing anti-Ad antibodies and uptake by phagocytic cells, but also prolongation of the blood retention time of Ad vectors after systemic administration. However, the conventional PEGylation leads to significant reduction in the transduction activity of Ad vectors, probably because PEG is nonspecifically conjugated to the Ad capsid protein and inhibits the binding of Ad vectors to the primary receptor, coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR). In order to PEGylate an Ad vector without significant reduction in the transduction activity, the biotin-binding peptide (BAP) was inserted into the hypervariable region (HVR) 5 of the hexon, which is not involved in the binding to CAR, and PEG was then specifically conjugated to the hexon HVR5 via avidin-biotin interaction. In vitro transduction experiments demonstrated that the hexon-specific PEGylation did not cause an apparent reduction in the transduction efficiency of the Ad vector, although the insertion of the BAP into the HVR5 itself reduced the transduction efficiency by 50-fold, compared with the conventional Ad vector, in the absence of anti-Ad serum. In the presence of anti-Ad serum, the transduction with the Ad vector with the BAP in the hexon HVR5 was significantly blocked; however, anti-Ad serum only slightly inhibited the transduction with the hexon-specifically PEGylated Ad vector (Ad-BAP/Bio/Avi/Bio-PEG-L2). Intravenous administration of Ad-BAP/Bio/Avi/Bio-PEG-L2 resulted in prolonged blood retention, significant reduction in the transduction in the liver, and accumulation in the tumor; however, unexpectedly, the transduction efficiency of Ad-BAP/Bio/Avi/Bio-PEG-L2 in the tumor was almost at the background level.

Keywords
Gene therapy; Drug delivery; Polyethylene; Gene expression; Surface modification
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Hexon-specific PEGylated adenovirus vectors utilizing avidin-biotin interaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 32, Issue 6, February 2011, Pages 1724–1730
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us