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The protective activities of water-soluble C60 derivatives against nitric oxide-induced cytotoxicity in rat pheochromocytoma cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8732 604 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
The protective activities of water-soluble C60 derivatives against nitric oxide-induced cytotoxicity in rat pheochromocytoma cells
Abstract

AbstactIn this study, the protective activities of water-soluble C60 derivatives against nitric oxide (NO) induced cytotoxicity were investigated. To overcome C60 insolubility in water, we modified C60 with β-alanine, valine or folacin. The compounds were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, LC-MS, elemental analysis, light scattering and TEM. Investigation of the possible NO-scavenging activities of water-soluble C60 derivatives demonstrated that they expressed direct scavenging activity toward NO liberated within solution of sodium nitroprusside (SNP). In parallel, following exposure of cells to SNP (1 mM), a marked decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, cell viability, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), as well as increased levels of intracellular NO accumulation and malondialdehyde (MDA) production were observed. Moreover, SNP caused significant elevation in intracellular caspase-3 activity, and induced apoptotic death as determined by flow cytometric assay. However, pretreatment of the cells with water-soluble C60 derivatives prior to SNP exposure blocked these NO-induced cellular events noticeably. Experiments demonstrated that the aggregation morphology could impact the NO-scavenging abilities and protective effects on apoptosis of water-soluble C60 derivatives. The results suggest that water-soluble C60 derivatives have the potential to prevent NO-mediated cell death without evident toxicity.

Keywords
Carbon; Antioxidant; Nitric oxide; Cytotoxicity; Apoptosis
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The protective activities of water-soluble C60 derivatives against nitric oxide-induced cytotoxicity in rat pheochromocytoma cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 34, December 2010, Pages 8872–8881
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us