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The correlation between human adipose-derived stem cells differentiation and cell adhesion mechanism

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8766 605 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
The correlation between human adipose-derived stem cells differentiation and cell adhesion mechanism
Abstract

In recent years, research in the areas of stem cells has dramatically increased, including studies of cellular adhesion to a substrate. We sought to determine the adhesive properties of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) for extracellular matrix proteins. The adhesion of hASCs to collagens and laminin was completely inhibited by a monoclonal antibody, Mab 2253, which binds to the β1 integrin subunit. These data indicate that hASC adhesion to collagens and laminin was exclusively mediated by an integrin. Cell adhesion on fibronectin (Fn) was inhibited by the heparin-binding peptide (HBP) in the presence of Mab 2253, but not by either Mab 2253 or HBP alone. These results indicate that both the β1 subunit and the heparan sulfate proteoglycan participated in the cell adhesion to Fn. Microscopic views showed extensive spreading of hASCs cultured on Fn, whereas the cells maintained a round shape when cultured on a heparin-binding domain (HBD) substrate. hASCs differentiated into adipocytes, which stained positive for lipid vacuoles by Oil Red-O analysis, more readily on HBD substrate than on FN substrate. These results suggest that hASCs have an adhesion mechanism for the HBD of Fn and hASC morphology is controlled by the adhesion mechanism and strongly correlated with adipogenic differentiation.

Keywords
Cell adhesion substrate; Human adipose-derived stem cells; Extracellular matrix; Fibronectin; Heparin-binding domain; Cell differentiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 36, December 2009, Pages 6835–6843
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us