fulltext.study @t Gmail

In vitro and in vivo characteristics of core–shell type nanogel particles: Optimization of core cross-linking density and surface poly(ethylene glycol) density in PEGylated nanogels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
879 68 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
In vitro and in vivo characteristics of core–shell type nanogel particles: Optimization of core cross-linking density and surface poly(ethylene glycol) density in PEGylated nanogels
Abstract

The biocompatibility and body distribution of PEGylated polyamine nanogels composed of chemically cross-linked poly(2-N,N-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PEAMA) gel cores surrounded by poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains were investigated to evaluate their feasibility as drug nanocarriers for systemic administration. PEGylated nanogels with different cross-linking densities (1, 2, and 5 mol.%) were prepared to evaluate their biocompatibilities by in vitro cytotoxicity assay, hemolysis assay, and in vivo acute toxicity assay. The toxic effect of the PEGylated nanogels derived from polyamine gel cores was significantly reduced when the cross-linking density was increased, and those with a cross-linking density of 5 mol.% showed a remarkably high median lethal dose (LD50) value >200 mg kg−1,despite the abundance of amino groups in the core. One hour after intravenous injection the PEGylated nanogels were found to have been eliminated from the systemic circulation, and less than 1% of the injected dose (ID) remained in the bloodstream. To improve the blood circulation time by increasing the surface PEG density of the PEGylated nanogels post-PEGylation of the PEGylated nanogels (via the Menschutkin reaction between tertiary amines of the PEAMA gel core and bromobenzyl-terminated short PEG) was carried out. A biodistribution study of these post-PEGylated nanogels revealed that the blood circulation time of the nanogels was definitely prolonged as the PEG content was increased. Therefore, the precise design of PEGylated nanogels with increased cross-linking densities in their polyamine gel cores and increased surface PEG densities seems promising for systemic applications.

Keywords
Biocompatibility; Biodistribution; PEGylated nanogel; Poly(ethylene glycol); Drug delivery system
First Page Preview
In vitro and in vivo characteristics of core–shell type nanogel particles: Optimization of core cross-linking density and surface poly(ethylene glycol) density in PEGylated nanogels
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 9, September 2011, Pages 3354–3361
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us