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Mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation on an injectable calcium phosphate – Chitosan composite scaffold

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8814 607 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation on an injectable calcium phosphate – Chitosan composite scaffold
Abstract

Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) can be molded or injected to form a scaffold in situ, has excellent osteoconductivity, and can be resorbed and replaced by new bone. However, its low strength limits CPC to non-stress-bearing repairs. Chitosan could be used to reinforce CPC, but mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) interactions with CPC-chitosan scaffold have not been examined. The objective of this study was to investigate MSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation on high-strength CPC-chitosan scaffold. MSCs were harvested from rat bone marrow. At CPC powder/liquid (P/L) mass ratio of 2, flexural strength (mean ± sd; n = 5) was (10.0 ± 1.1) MPa for CPC-chitosan, higher than (3.7 ± 0.6) MPa for CPC (p < 0.05). At P/L of 3, strength was (15.7 ± 1.7) MPa for CPC-chitosan, higher than (10.2 ± 1.8) MPa for CPC (p < 0.05). Percentage of live MSCs attaching to scaffolds increased from 85% at 1 day to 99% at 14 days. There were (180 ± 37) cells/mm2 on scaffold at 1 day; cells proliferated to (1808 ± 317) cells/mm2 at 14 days. SEM showed MSCs with healthy spreading and anchored on nano-apatite crystals via cytoplasmic processes. Alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) was (557 ± 171) (pNPP mM/min)/(μg DNA) for MSCs on CPC-chitosan, higher than (159 ± 47) on CPC (p < 0.05). Both were higher than (35 ± 32) of baseline ALP for undifferentiated MSCs on tissue-culture plastic (p < 0.05). In summary, CPC-chitosan scaffold had higher strength than CPC. MSC proliferation on CPC-chitosan matched that of the FDA-approved CPC control. MSCs on the scaffolds differentiated down the osteogenic lineage and expressed high levels of bone marker ALP. Hence, the stronger CPC-chitosan scaffold may be useful for stem cell-based bone regeneration in moderate load-bearing maxillofacial and orthopedic applications.

Keywords
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; Calcium phosphate bone cement; Chitosan; Cell proliferation; Osteogenic differentiation; Bone tissue engineering
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Mesenchymal stem cell proliferation and differentiation on an injectable calcium phosphate – Chitosan composite scaffold
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 14, May 2009, Pages 2675–2682
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us