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A biaxial rotating bioreactor for the culture of fetal mesenchymal stem cells for bone tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8816 607 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
A biaxial rotating bioreactor for the culture of fetal mesenchymal stem cells for bone tissue engineering
Abstract

The generation of effective tissue engineered bone grafts requires efficient exchange of nutrients and mechanical stimulus. Bioreactors provide a manner in which this can be achieved. We have recently developed a biaxial rotating bioreactor with efficient fluidics through in-silico modeling. Here we investigated its performance for generation of highly osteogenic bone graft using polycaprolactone–tricalcium phosphate (PCL–TCP) scaffolds seeded with human fetal mesenchymal stem cell (hfMSC). hfMSC scaffolds were cultured in either bioreactor or static cultures, with assessment of cellular viability, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in vitro and also after transplantation into immunodeficient mice. Compared to static culture, bioreactor-cultured hfMSC scaffolds reached cellular confluence earlier (day 7 vs. day 28), with greater cellularity (2×, p < 0.01), and maintained high cellular viability in the core, which was 2000 μm from the surface. In addition, bioreactor culture was associated with greater osteogenic induction, ALP expression (1.5× p < 0.01), calcium deposition (5.5×, p < 0.001) and bony nodule formation on SEM, and in-vivo ectopic bone formation in immunodeficient mice (3.2×, p < 0.001) compared with static-cultured scaffolds. The use of biaxial bioreactor here allowed the maintenance of cellular viability beyond the limits of conventional diffusion, with increased proliferation and osteogenic differentiation both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting its utility for bone tissue engineering applications.

Keywords
Bioreactor; Fetal mesenchymal stem cell; Bone tissue engineering; Polycaprolactone; NOD/SCID mice
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A biaxial rotating bioreactor for the culture of fetal mesenchymal stem cells for bone tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 14, May 2009, Pages 2694–2704
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us