fulltext.study @t Gmail

3D spheroid culture system on micropatterned substrates for improved differentiation efficiency of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8817 607 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
3D spheroid culture system on micropatterned substrates for improved differentiation efficiency of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells
Abstract

Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most powerful tools in regeneration medicine. Their low differentiation efficiency, however, limits further application of MSCs in clinical therapy. Here we report that a much higher multipotent differentiation efficiency of MSCs to adult cells can be achieved using a 3D spheroid culture method based on photolithography and micropatterning techniques. MSC spheroid of precise dimension and uniform quality cultured on the microdomain substrates was prepared first, and then was induced into adipocytes and osteoblasts. Both gene expression results from RT-PCR and morphology observation results revealed that the 3D spheroid culture method could greatly improve differentiation efficiency. Gene expression profiles obtained from gene microarray analysis confirmed the high differentiation efficiency and revealed that MSCs induced in 3D spheroid culture system regulated gene expression not only by increasing the expression levels of genes related to adipogenesis and osteogenesis, but also by down-regulating the gene maintaining MSCs' self-renewal phenotypes. We conclude that our 3D spheroid culture system contributes to an optimization for efficient differentiation of MSCs, offers insight into the mechanism of efficient differentiation of engineered 3D culture system, and has promise for wide applications in regeneration medicine and drug discovery fields.

Keywords
Mesenchymal stem cell; Micropatterning; Three dimension cell culture; Spheroid; Differentiation efficiency
First Page Preview
3D spheroid culture system on micropatterned substrates for improved differentiation efficiency of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 14, May 2009, Pages 2705–2715
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us