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Effect of local sequential VEGF and BMP-2 delivery on ectopic and orthotopic bone regeneration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8829 607 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
Effect of local sequential VEGF and BMP-2 delivery on ectopic and orthotopic bone regeneration
Abstract

Bone regeneration is a coordinated cascade of events regulated by several cytokines and growth factors. Angiogenic growth factors are predominantly expressed during the early phases for re-establishment of the vascularity, whereas osteogenic growth factors are continuously expressed during bone formation and remodeling. Since vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are key regulators of angiogenesis and osteogenesis during bone regeneration, the aim of this study was to investigate if their sequential release could enhance BMP-2-induced bone formation. A composite consisting of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres loaded with BMP-2 embedded in a poly(propylene) scaffold surrounded by a gelatin hydrogel loaded with VEGF was used for the sequential release of the growth factors. Empty composites or composites loaded with VEGF and/or BMP-2 were implanted ectopically and orthotopically in Sprague–Dawley rats (n = 9). Following implantation, the local release profiles were determined by measuring the activity of 125I-labeled growth factors using scintillation probes. After 8 weeks blood vessel and bone formation were analyzed using microangiography, μCT and histology. The scaffolds exhibited a large initial burst release of VEGF within the first 3 days and a sustained release of BMP-2 over the full 56-day implantation period. Although VEGF did not induce bone formation, it did increase the formation of the supportive vascular network (p = 0.03) in ectopic implants. In combination with local sustained BMP-2 release, VEGF significantly enhanced ectopic bone formation compared to BMP-2 alone (p = 0.008). In the orthotopic defects, no effect of VEGF on vascularisation was found, nor was bone formation higher by the combination of growth factors, compared to BMP-2 alone. This study demonstrates that a sequential angiogenic and osteogenic growth factor release may be beneficial for the enhancement of bone regeneration.

Keywords
Vascular endothelial growth factor; Bone morphogenetic protein-2; Vessel formation; Bone regeneration; Local release
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Effect of local sequential VEGF and BMP-2 delivery on ectopic and orthotopic bone regeneration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 14, May 2009, Pages 2816–2825
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us