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The effect of the local delivery of alendronate on human adipose-derived stem cell-based bone regeneration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8852 608 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
The effect of the local delivery of alendronate on human adipose-derived stem cell-based bone regeneration
Abstract

Recent studies have shown that alendronate (Aln) enhances the osteogenesis of osteoblasts and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. In this study, we hypothesize that Aln may act as an osteo-inductive factor to stimulate the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) for bone regeneration. The in vitro effect of Aln (1–10 μM) on the osteogenic ability of hADSCs was evaluated by examining mineralization and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) expression was measured using a real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Our results indicated that 5 μM Aln was sufficient to enhance BMP2 expression, ALP activity and mineralization in hADSCs. The in vivo effect of locally administered Aln on bone repair was examined in a rat critical-sized (7-mm) calvarial defect that was implanted with a hADSC-seeded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffold. Aln (5 μM/100 μl/day) was injected locally into the defect site for one week. New bone formation was evaluated by radiographic and histological analyses at 8 and 12 weeks post-implantation. The expression levels of human BMP2 (hBMP2) and hADSC localization in defect sites were examined using immunohistochemistry analysis and fluorescent in situ hybridization, respectively. Results showed that local treatment of Aln on hADSC-seeded PLGA scaffolds at week 12 had a maximal effect on bone regeneration, enhancing mineralization and bone matrix formation. In addition, hADSCs and hBMP2 were also detected at the defect sites. These results demonstrated that local delivery of Aln, a potent osteo-inductive factor, enhances hADSC osteogenesis and bone regeneration.

Keywords
Adipose-derived stem cells; Alendronate; BMP2; Osteogenesis; Bone regenerationAln, alendronate; SDS, sodium dodecyl sulfate; BMSCs, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; hADSCs, human adipose tissue-derived stem cells; PLGA, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid); A
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 33, November 2010, Pages 8674–8683
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us