fulltext.study @t Gmail

On the mineral in collagen of human crown dentine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
8889 609 2010 12 PDF Available
Title
On the mineral in collagen of human crown dentine
Abstract

Dentine, the main material of mammalian teeth, contains mineral platelets that are embedded in a collagen fiber mesh. These particles entail stiffness and longevity, which is important for human teeth because these organs do not remodel. By means of small angle X-ray scattering, we mapped 2D and 3D variations in mineral particle characteristics in molar crowns. Our results show that the mean mineral-platelet thickness of 3.2 nm decreases to 2.6 nm within the shallow 300 μm beneath the dentin-enamel junction (DEJ), and that these platelets become still thinner albeit moderately in deep dentine surrounding the pulp. The mineral volume fraction in crown dentine is mostly 50% except for a 250 μm layer beneath the DEJ. Most of the mineral particles are randomly orientated, with about 20% having a preferred orientation that is parallel to the plane of the DEJ. Beneath the cusps and close to the margins of enamel, higher co-alignment is found: 40% of the particles reveal orientations that match expected load trajectories that are imposed on teeth during mastication in the general cusp-root direction. This suggests that variations in mineral platelet arrangements help to locally tune dentine anisotropy and stiffness. The serendipitous finding of incipient caries suggests that at least in early stages of pathological destruction, mineral particle thickness and orientation resemble those of the intact tissue.

Keywords
Carbonated hydroxyl-apatite mineral platelet; Small-angle X-ray scattering; Mineral volume fraction; Dentine attenuation coefficient; Caries
First Page Preview
On the mineral in collagen of human crown dentine
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 20, July 2010, Pages 5479–5490
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us