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Silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds for human mesenchymal stem cell culture in tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9041 615 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds for human mesenchymal stem cell culture in tissue engineering
Abstract

The design of new bioactive scaffolds mimicking the physiologic environment present during tissue formation is an important frontier in biomaterials research. Herein, we evaluated scaffolds prepared from blends of two biopolymers: silk fibroin and hyaluronan. Our rationale was that such blends would allow the combination of silk fibroin's superior mechanical properties with the biological characteristics of hyaluronan. We prepared scaffolds with porous microstructures by freeze-drying aqueous solutions of silk fibroin and hyaluronan and subsequent incubation in methanol to induce water insolubility of silk fibroin. Hyaluronan acted as an efficient porogenic excipient for the silk fibroin scaffolding process, allowing the formation of microporous structures within the scaffolds under mild processing conditions. Mesenchymal stem cells were seeded on silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds and cultured for three weeks. Histology of the constructs after cell culture showed enhanced cellular ingrowth into silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds as compared to plain silk fibroin scaffolds. In the presence of tissue-inductive stimuli, in vitro stem cell culture on silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds resulted in more efficient tissue formation when measured by glycosaminoglycan and type-I and type-III collagen gene expression, as compared to plain silk fibroin scaffolds. In conclusion, our data encourages further exploration of silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds as biomimetic platform for mesenchymal stem cells in tissue engineering.

Keywords
Silk fibroin; Hyaluronan; Scaffolds; Mesenchymal stem cells; Tissue engineering
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Silk fibroin/hyaluronan scaffolds for human mesenchymal stem cell culture in tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 28, October 2009, Pages 5068–5076
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us