Controlled drug release from multilayered phospholipid polymer hydrogel on titanium alloy surface
Here we describe the functionalization of a multilayered hydrogel layer on a Ti alloy with an antineoplastic agent, paclitaxel (PTX). The multilayered hydrogel was synthesized via layer-by-layer self-assembly (LbL) using selective intermolecular reactions between two water-soluble polymers, phospholipid polymer (PMBV) containing a phenylboronic acid unit and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Reversible covalent bonding between phenylboronic acid and the polyol provided the driving force for self-assembly. Poorly water-soluble PTX dissolves in PMBV aqueous solutions because PMBV is amphiphilic. Therefore, our multilayered hydrogel could be loaded with PTX at different locations to control the release profile and act as a drug reservoir. The amount of PTX incorporated in the hydrogel samples increased with the number of layers but was not directly proportional to the number of layers. However, as the step for making layers was repeated, the concentration of PTX in the PMBV layers increased. The different solubilities of PTX in PMBV and PVA aqueous solutions allow for the production of multilayered hydrogels loaded with PTX at different locations. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the location of PTX in the multilayered hydrogel influences the start and profile of PTX release. We expect that this rapid and facile LbL synthesis of multilayered hydrogels and technique for in situ loading with PTX, where the location of loading controls the release pattern, will find applications in biomedicine and pharmaceutics as a promising new technique.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 28, October 2009, Pages 5201–5208