A comparative study of proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells on akermanite and β-TCP ceramics
This study investigated the in vitro effects of akermanite, a new kind of Ca-, Mg-, Si-containing bioceramic, on the attachment, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). Parallel comparison of the cellular behaviors of hASCs on the akermanite was made with those on beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation and fluorescent DiO labeling were carried out to reveal the attachment and growth of hASCs on the two ceramic surfaces, while the quantitative assay of cell proliferation with time was detected by DNA assay. Osteogenic differentiation of hASCs cultured on the akermanite and β-TCP was assayed by ALP expression and osteocalcin (OCN) deposition, which was further confirmed by Real-time PCR analysis for markers of osteogenic differentiation. It was shown that hASCs attached and spread well on the akermanite as those on β-TCP, and similar proliferation behaviors of hASCs were observed on the two ceramics. Both of them exhibited good compatibility to hASCs with only minor cytotoxicity as compared with the tissue culture plates. Interestingly, the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs could be enhanced on the akermanite compared with that on the β-TCP when the culture time was extended to ∼10 days. Thus, it can be ascertained that akermanite ceramics may serve as a potential scaffold for bone tissue engineering.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 36, December 2008, Pages 4792–4799