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Pre-vascularization of in vitro three-dimensional tissues created by cell sheet engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9096 617 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Pre-vascularization of in vitro three-dimensional tissues created by cell sheet engineering
Abstract

Reconstructing a vascular network is a common task for three-dimensional (3-D) tissue engineering. Three-dimensional stratified tissues were created by stacking cell sheets, and the co-culture with endothelial cells (ECs) in the tissues was found to lead to in vitro pre-vascular network formation and promoted in vivo neovascularization after their transplantation. In this study, to clarify the effect of tissue fabrication process on a pre-vascular network formation, human origin ECs were introduced into the stratified tissue in several different ways, and the behavior of ECs in various positions of the 3-D tissue were compared each other. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs), and their mixture were harvested as an intact cell sheet from temperature-responsive culture dish at low-temperature (<20 °C). Single mono-culture EC sheet was stacked with two NHDF-sheets in different orders, and 3 co-cultured cell sheets were layered by a cell sheet collecting device. Morphological analyses revealed that pre-vascular networks composing of HUVECs were formed in all the triple layer constructs. Confocal microscope observation showed that the pre-vascular networks formed tube structures like a native microvasculature. These data indicate that the primary EC positioning in 3-D tissues may be critical for vascular formation.

Keywords
Vascular; Temperature-responsive culture dish; Endothelial cell; Tissue engineering; Cell sheet; Tubular formation
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Pre-vascularization of in vitro three-dimensional tissues created by cell sheet engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 14, May 2010, Pages 3903–3909
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us