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Paclitaxel-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles modified with Tyr-3-octreotide for enhanced anti-angiogenic and anti-glioma therapy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
91 6 2016 13 PDF Available
Title
Paclitaxel-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles modified with Tyr-3-octreotide for enhanced anti-angiogenic and anti-glioma therapy
Abstract

Somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) especially subtype 2 (SSTR2) are overexpressed in glioma. By taking advantage of the specific expression of SSTR2 on both glioma neovasculature endothelial cells and glioma cells, we constructed Tyr-3-octreotide (TOC)-modified solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) loaded with paclitaxel (PTX) to enable tumor neovasculature and tumor cells dual-targeting chemotherapy. In this work, a TOC-polyethylene glycol-lipid (TOC-PEG-lipid) was successfully synthesized and used as a targeting molecule to enhance anticancer efficacy of PTX loaded sterically stabilized lipid nanoparticles. The prepared PTX-loaded SLN modified with TOC (PSM) was characterized by standard methods. In rat C6 glioma cells, PSM improved PTX induced apoptosis. Both tube formation assay and CD31 staining of treated orthotopic glioma tissues confirmed that PSM significantly improved the antiangiogenic ability of PTX in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Radiolabelled PSM achieved a much higher and specific accumulation within the glioma as suggested by the biodistribution and imaging studies. Furthermore, PSM exhibited improved anti-glioma efficacy over unmodified nanoparticles and Taxol in both subcutaneous and orthotopic tumor models. These findings collectively indicate that PSM holds great potential in improving the efficacy of anti-glioma therapy.Statement of SignificanceSomatostatin receptors (SSTRs) especially subtype 2 (SSTR2) are overexpressed in various mammalian cancer cells. Proliferating endothelial cells of neovasculature also express SSTR2. Tyr-3-octreotide (TOC) is a known ligand for SSTR2. We have successfully prepared paclitaxel-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles modified with TOC (PSM) having diameter less than 100 nm. We found that PSM improved anti-cancer efficacy of paclitaxel in SSTR2 positive glioma of rats. This improved anti-glioma efficiency of PSM can be attributed to dual-targeting (i.e. tumor cell and neovasculature targeting) efficiency of PSM and promoted anti-cancer drug accumulation at tumor site due to TOC modification of solid lipid nanoparticles. This particular study aims at widening the scope of octreotide-derivative modified nanocarrier by exploring dual-targeting potential of PSM.

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Keywords
Glioma therapy; Paclitaxel; Solid lipid nanoparticles; Tyr-3-octreotide; Dual-targeting
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Paclitaxel-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles modified with Tyr-3-octreotide for enhanced anti-angiogenic and anti-glioma therapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 38, 1 July 2016, Pages 69–81
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us