In-situ immobilization of quantum dots in polysaccharide-based nanogels for integration of optical pH-sensing, tumor cell imaging, and drug delivery
We report a class of polysaccharide-based hybrid nanogels that can integrate the functional building blocks for optical pH-sensing, cancer cell imaging, and controlled drug release into a single nanoparticle system, which can offer broad opportunities for combined diagnosis and therapy. The hybrid nanogels were prepared by in-situ immobilization of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) in the interior of the pH and temperature dual responsive hydroxypropylcellulose-poly(acrylic acid) (HPC-PAA) semi-interpenetrating polymer networks. The–OH groups of the HPC chains are designed to sequester the precursor Cd2+ ions into the nanogels as well as stabilize the in-situ formed CdSe QDs. The pH-sensitive PAA network chains are designed to induce a pH-responsive volume phase transition of the hybrid nanogels. The developed HPC-PAA-CdSe hybrid nanogels combine a strong trap emission at 741 nm for sensing physicochemical environment in a pH dependent manner and a visible excitonic emission at 592 nm for mouse melanoma B16F10 cell imaging. The hybrid nanogels also provide excellent stability as a drug carrier, which cannot only provide a high drug loading capacity for a model anticancer drug temozolomide, but also offer a pH-triggered sustained-release of the drug molecules in the gel network.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 11, April 2010, Pages 3023–3031