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Survival and structural evaluations of three-dimensional tissues fabricated by the hierarchical cell manipulation technique

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
924 69 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Survival and structural evaluations of three-dimensional tissues fabricated by the hierarchical cell manipulation technique
Abstract

Mouse L929 fibroblasts and normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs) were constructed into three-dimensional (3-D) multilayered tissues by directly coating them with nano-films consisting of fibronectin (FN) and gelatin (G) onto the surface of the cell layer using layer-by-layer assembly. The one-, two- and five-layered (1L, 2L and 5L) tissues were cultured for 1 month in order to evaluate their long-term survival and structural changes. L929 cells in the 3-D tissues showed excessive proliferation throughout the culture period, regardless of the starting layer number. The cross-sectional images stained with hematoxylin and eosin revealed heterogeneous and random increases in the thickness of their layered structures, probably due to the immortalized property of L929 fibroblasts. On the other hand, NHDFs, which are primary cells, showed high stability in their amount of DNA in the multilayered structures, and their thicknesses were completely maintained even after 1 month of incubation. To evaluate the living cell density in each layer of 5L tissues during the culture period, 5L NHDFs were fluorescently labeled with LIVE/DEAD reagent and analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Although the upper layers did not show any dead cells, the bottom layers showed pieces of dead cell nuclei depending on culture time. However, the living cell densities in all layers were almost the same, even after 1 month of culture, suggesting that the 5L structures were completely filled with living cells. These findings from the multilayered tissue constructs will provide important information not only for the construction of 3-D engineered tissues in tissue engineering but also on 3-D cell culture in biological science generally.

Keywords
Fibroblast; Extracellular matrix (ECM); Fibronectin; Cell viability; Cell proliferation
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Survival and structural evaluations of three-dimensional tissues fabricated by the hierarchical cell manipulation technique
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 4698–4706
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us