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Effect of partial hydrolysis of octacalcium phosphate on its osteoconductive characteristics

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9249 623 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
Effect of partial hydrolysis of octacalcium phosphate on its osteoconductive characteristics
Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate whether the stoichiometry of octacalcium phosphate OCP affects its osteoconductive and immune response characteristics in rat bone marrow. Those characteristics of synthetic, well-grown OCP but with a non-stoichiometric composition were compared with those of a slightly hydrolyzed OCP (low crystalline OCP: LC-OCP), the fully hydrolyzed apatitic product of OCP or biodegradable β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) ceramic, by their implantation in rat tibia for 56 days. The physicochemical aspect of implants and biological responses were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, histomorphometry, immunohistochemistry and expression of mRNA around the implants. The remarkable findings were that: (1) the highest bone formation rate was obtained for β-TCP whereas the lowest for LC-OCP at Day 14; (2) the rates were reversed and reached the highest for LC-OCP until Day 56; (3) the early expression of ostoeoclast markers TRAP and cathepsin-K was suppressed with LC-OCP; (4) the expression of inflammatory markers IL-β1 and TNF-α was suppressed with LC-OCP. The results confirmed that the partially hydrolyzed OCP with Ca/P molar ratio 1.37 (LC-OCP) enhances bone formation most, suppressing early osteoclast activity and reducing inflammation.

Keywords
Octacalcium phosphate; Partial hydrolysis; Osteconduction; Biodegradation; Bone marrow
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Effect of partial hydrolysis of octacalcium phosphate on its osteoconductive characteristics
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 6, February 2009, Pages 1005–1014
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us