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A microarray approach to the identification of polyurethanes for the isolation of human skeletal progenitor cells and augmentation of skeletal cell growth

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9253 623 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
A microarray approach to the identification of polyurethanes for the isolation of human skeletal progenitor cells and augmentation of skeletal cell growth
Abstract

The present study has examined the efficacy of a polymer microarray platform to screen a library of polyurethanes for applications such as human skeletal progenitor cell isolation and surface modification of tissue engineering scaffolds to enhance skeletal cell growth and differentiation. Analysis of polyurethane microarrays incubated with adult human bone marrow-derived STRO-1+ skeletal progenitor cells identified 31 polyurethanes (from the entire library of 120 polyurethanes) capable of binding to the STRO-1+ cells. Four polyurethanes (out of the 31 identified in the previous screen) were able to selectively immobilise cells of the STRO-1+ fraction from the heterogeneous human bone marrow mononuclear cell population. These four polyurethanes were highly selective for the STRO-1+ fraction of human bone marrow as they failed to bind STRO-1+ immature osteoblast-like MG63 cells, the STRO-1+ fraction of human fetal skeletal cells and differentiated osteoblast-like SaOs cells. Culture of human bone marrow-derived STRO-1+ cells on fibres of Polyglycolic acid (PGA) fleece surface modified by polyurethane adsorption, in osteogenic conditions, enhanced the expression of early osteogenic genes. Similarly, surface modification of PGA fleece fibres by polyurethane adsorption increased the responsiveness of MG63 cells, cultured on this scaffold, to 1,25 dihydroxy Vitamin D3, as demonstrated by enhanced Osteocalcin expression.

Keywords
Microarray; Polyurethanes; Skeletal progenitors; STRO-1; MG63; Fetal skeletal cells
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A microarray approach to the identification of polyurethanes for the isolation of human skeletal progenitor cells and augmentation of skeletal cell growth
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 6, February 2009, Pages 1045–1055
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us