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Polymeric micelles for the pH-dependent controlled, continuous low dose release of paclitaxel

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9363 627 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Polymeric micelles for the pH-dependent controlled, continuous low dose release of paclitaxel
Abstract

Poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(aspartate-hydrazide) (PEG-p(Asp-Hyd)) was modified using either levulinic acid (LEV) or 4-acetyl benzoic acid (4AB) attached via hydrazone bonds. Paclitaxel (PTX) conjugated to the linkers formed PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) and PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-4AB-PTX). PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) and PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-4AB-PTX) assemble into unimodal polymeric micelles with diameters of 42 nm and 137 nm, respectively. PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) and PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-4AB-PTX) at a 1:1 and 1:5 molar ratio assemble into unimodal mixed polymeric micelles with diameters of 85 and 113 nm, respectively. PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) micelles release LEV-PTX faster at pH 5.0 than at pH 7.4 over 24 h. At pH 7.4 mixed polymeric micelles at 1:5 ratio show no difference in LEV-PTX release from PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) micelles. Mixed polymeric micelles at 1:5 molar ratio gradually release LEV-PTX at pH 5.0, with no release of 4AB-PTX. PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) micelles and mixed polymeric micelles exert comparable cytotoxicity against SK-OV-3 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines. In summary, mixed polymeric micelles based on PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-LEV-PTX) and PEG-p(Asp-Hyd-4AB-PTX) offer prospects for pH-dependent release of PTX, offering a novel prodrug strategy for adjusting its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties for cancer therapy. If successful this delivery system offers an alternative new mode of delivery for paclitaxel with a new scope for its efficacy along with a minimal synthetic framework needed to accomplish this.

Keywords
Controlled drug release; Hydrazone; Mixed micelle; Paclitaxel; Prodrug
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Polymeric micelles for the pH-dependent controlled, continuous low dose release of paclitaxel
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 7, March 2010, Pages 1765–1772
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us