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Gene delivery using a derivative of the protein transduction domain peptide, K-Antp

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9374 627 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Gene delivery using a derivative of the protein transduction domain peptide, K-Antp
Abstract

Due to their intracellular permeability, protein transduction domains (PTDs) have been widely used to deliver proteins and peptides to mammalian cells. However, their performance in gene delivery has been relatively poor. To improve the efficiency of PTD-mediated gene delivery, we synthesized a new peptide, KALA-Antp (K-Antp), which contains the sequences for PTD of the third α-helix of Antennapedia (Antp) homeodomain and the fusogenic peptide KALA. In this configuration, Antp is designed to provide the cell permeation capacity and nuclear localization signal, while the KALA moiety to promote cellular entry of the peptide–DNA complex. An optimal K-Antp/DNA formula was nearly 400–600 fold more efficient than Antp or poly-lysine-Antp (L-Antp) in gene delivery, and comparable or superior to a commercial liposome. The K-Antp-mediated plasmid DNA transfection not only exhibited temperature sensitivity, reflecting the involvement of an endocytosis-mediated gene transfer mechanism similar to other known PTDs, but also temperature insensitivity, suggesting the role of an energy-independent mechanism. Incorporation of an endosomolytic polymer polyethylenimine (PEI) into the system or treatment with chloroquine further increased the efficiency of K-Antp-mediated gene delivery. These results demonstrate the potential of the combinatorial use of KALA, Antp and PEI in the development of efficient PTD-derived gene carriers.

Keywords
KALA-Antp (K-Antp); Protein transduction domain (PTD); Fusogenic peptide; Antennapedia peptide (Antp); KALA; Gene delivery
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Gene delivery using a derivative of the protein transduction domain peptide, K-Antp
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 7, March 2010, Pages 1858–1864
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us