Reduced bacterial adhesion to fibrinogen-coated substrates via nitric oxide release
The ability of nitric oxide (NO)-releasing xerogels to reduce fibrinogen-mediated adhesion of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Escherichia coli is described. A negative correlation was observed between NO surface flux and bacterial adhesion for each species tested. For S. aureus and E. coli, reduced adhesion correlated directly with NO flux from 0 to 30 pmol cm−2 s−1. A similar dependence for S. epidermidis was evident from 18 to 30 pmol cm−2 s−1. At a NO flux of 30 pmol cm−2 s−1, surface coverage of S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and E. coli was reduced by 96, 48, and 88%, respectively, compared to non-NO-releasing controls. Polymeric NO release was thus demonstrated to be an effective approach for significantly reducing fibrinogen-mediated adhesion of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in vitro, thereby illustrating the advantage of active NO release as a strategy for inhibiting bacterial adhesion in the presence of pre-adsorbed protein.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 30, October 2008, Pages 4039–4044