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The biocompatibility of mesoporous silicates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9446 630 2008 11 PDF Available
Title
The biocompatibility of mesoporous silicates
Abstract

Micro- and nano-mesoporous silicate particles are considered potential drug delivery systems because of their ordered pore structures, large surface areas and the ease with which they can be chemically modified. However, few cytotoxicity or biocompatibility studies have been reported, especially when silicates are administered in the quantities necessary to deliver low-potency drugs. The biocompatibility of mesoporous silicates of particle sizes ∼150 nm, ∼800 nm and ∼4 μm and pore sizes of 3 nm, 7 nm and 16 nm, respectively, is examined here. In vitro, mesoporous silicates showed a significant degree of toxicity at high concentrations with mesothelial cells. Following subcutaneous injection of silicates in rats, the amount of residual material decreased progressively over 3 months, with good biocompatibility on histology at all time points. In contrast, intra-peritoneal and intra-venous injections in mice resulted in death or euthanasia. No toxicity was seen with subcutaneous injection of the same particles in mice. Microscopic analysis of the lung tissue of the mice indicated that death may be due to thrombosis. Although local tissue reaction to mesoporous silicates was benign, they caused severe systemic toxicity. This toxicity might be mitigated by modification of the materials.

Keywords
Silicate; Mesoporous; Biocompatibility; Drug delivery; Controlled drug release
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 30, October 2008, Pages 4045–4055
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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