fulltext.study @t Gmail

Cell based bone tissue engineering in jaw defects ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9461 631 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Cell based bone tissue engineering in jaw defects ☆
Abstract

In 6 patients the potency of bone tissue engineering to reconstruct jaw defects was tested. After a bone marrow aspirate was taken, stem cells were cultured, expanded and grown for 7 days on a bone substitute in an osteogenic culture medium to allow formation of a layer of extracellular bone matrix. At the end of the procedure, this viable bone substitute was not only re-implanted in the patient, but also simultaneously subcutaneously implanted in mice to prove its osteogenic potency. In all patients, a viable bone substitute was successfully constructed, which was proven by bone formation after subcutaneous implantation in mice (ectopic bone formation). However, the same construct was reluctant to form bone in patients with intra-oral osseous defects (orthotopic bone formation). Although biopsies, taken 4 months after reconstructing the intra-oral bone defect, showed bone formation in 3 patients, only in 1 patient bone formation was induced by the tissue-engineered construct. Although bone tissue engineering has proven its value in animal studies, extra effort is needed to make it a predictable method for reconstruction jaw defects in humans. To judge its benefit, it is important to differentiate between bone formation induced by cells from the border of the osseous defect (osteoconduction) in relation to bone matrix produced by the implanted cells (osteogenesis).

Keywords
Bone tissue engineering; Cell culture; Osteogenesis; Stem cell
First Page Preview
Cell based bone tissue engineering in jaw defects ☆
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 21, July 2008, Pages 3053–3061
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us