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The use of N-terminal immobilization of PTH(1–34) on PLGA to enhance bioactivity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9469 631 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
The use of N-terminal immobilization of PTH(1–34) on PLGA to enhance bioactivity
Abstract

The objective of this work was to control the orientation of bioactive molecules immobilized on a biodegradable substrate to improve their accessibility for binding to cell surface receptors and, therefore, to increase bioactivity. The osteotropic peptide, parathyroid hormone (1–34) (PTH(1–34)), was used to demonstrate the approach. To this end, the intrinsic N-terminal serine residue was oxidized to create an aldehyde group that specifically bound to hydrazide-derivatized poly(lactide-co-glycolide) under neutral conditions to form a hydrazone bond. Use of dihydrazide spacers significantly increased the amount of peptide immobilized compared to simple adsorption or direct, random attachment. In probing accessibility of immobilized PTH(1–34), attachment using longer dihydrazide spacers enhanced binding of an antibody against an epitope in the N-terminal region of the peptide. The longest spacer also increased binding of a C-terminal antibody. Furthermore, substrates with peptide tethered via spacers stimulated intracellular synthesis of cAMP, with activity increasing with dihydrazide length. PTH(1–34) immobilized using the longest spacer was significantly more effective than both random binding and adsorption. Site-directed binding of bioactive peptides to surfaces presents biomolecules for binding with cells so as to enhance interaction with receptors, and therefore the approach may be useful for obtaining preferred localized tissue responses.

Keywords
Cell activation; Osteoblast; Peptide; Surface grafting; Surface modification
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 21, July 2008, Pages 3137–3142
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us